The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma is one of thirty-nine federally recognized Native American tribes in Oklahoma. It is the largest of the three (politically unrelated) federally recognized Seminole governments, including the Seminole Tribe of Florida and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida. Its members are descendants of 3,000 Native Americans and 800 Seminole Freedmen who were forcibly removed from Florida to the Indian Territory during the mid-nineteenth century.
For decades after removal, the Seminoles struggled to find their identity and a safe home in the West, having been forced to live under Creek rule. Since 1866, the tribe has been headquartered in its capital of Wewoka, the county seat of Seminole County, Oklahoma.
Most of the existing Seminole County is a portion of the Seminole Nation as it existed before statehood and covers approximately 633 square miles. The county is a checkerboard of tribal trust property, Indian allotments, restricted Indian lands, and dependent Indian communities.
Current enrollment in the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma is approximately 18,800 members. Over 13,500 live in Oklahoma, and slightly more than 5,000 live within Seminole County.